Evanston Statistics and Demographics

Census 2010

  Evanston's total 2010 census population was 74,486. 

Census Data and Trends:

Overview
Population, Race, Age
Income and Educational Status
Labor and Ethnicity

Three Year Natality Report 

Evanston Demographic Profile
Evanston Demographics from Downtown Evanston
Evanston Community Profile from the Illinois Dept. of Commerce and Economic Opportunity
Illinois Project for Local Assessment of Needs

Evanston QuickFacts (Census)

Cook County QuickFacts (Census)

Illinois QuickFacts (Census)

 

Overview

According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the population of Evanston is 74,486. This was an increase of 147 (less than .1%) over the 2000 population of 74, 239. Between 1990 and 2000, the population increased 1.4%, as opposed to a decline of .6% from 1980 to 1990 and a sharp drop of 8.6% from 1970 to 1980. However, this relatively small change in population size does not reflect the changes that have taken place in Evanston’s demographic profile.

Race and Ethnicity

Collectively, members of minority groups, including persons of 2 or more races, now make up 39.7% of Evanston's population, up from 37% in 2000. Asian and Pacific Islanders and Hispanics have particularly increased their share of Evanston’s population. Asians, who numbered 4,524 in 2000, an increase of 976 people or 27.7% over 1990, reached 6,416 in 2010, another increase of almost 45%, and now make up 8.6% of Evanston's population. Evanston's Hispanic populaton has grown 91% since 1990. Hispanics, numbering 2,689 in 1990 and 4,539 in 2000 (6.1%), grew to 6,739 in 2010, and comprise 9% of Evanston's population. The largest minority group in Evanston, non-Hispanic African Americans, who  totaled 16,749 in 1990, 16,704 (22.5% of the population) in 2000, dropped to 13,474 in 2010, making up 18.1% of the total population. Evanston’s white non-Hispanic population decreased 1.4% from 46,444 (62.6%) in 2000 to 45,551 (61.2%) in 2010. The number of persons of two or more races in 2010 numbered 2,846 or 3.8% of the population up from the 2000 Census number of 1,876 people or 2.5% of the total.

The 2010 Census showed that a sizeable percentage (46%) of the city's total number of black residents (13,474) continue to live in the four census tracts on Evanston's west side; This percentage remained the same as the  2000 census, but had declined from 52% in 1990. About 35% of the city’s black residents now live in three southwest Evanston census tracts, down from 40% in 2000.

In 1990, 66% of Evanston’s 2,689 Hispanic residents lived in five census areas in west, south and southwest Evanston. 40% of the Hispanic population lived in three south Evanston census tracts. Another 26% of the city’s Hispanic residents lived in two tracts between Main and Church Streets and west of Asbury Avenue. The 2000 Census showed the five areas accounted for 60% of the City’s Hispanic population, compared to 66% in 1990. The 2010 Census showed the Hispanic population had increased in these tracts, making up about 39% of the four west Evanston census tracts and about 30% of the southwest tracts.

The 2000 Census showed that 55% of Evanston’s 4,524 Asian residents lived in three census areas centered around Northwestern University, a continuation of the status in 1990 when 53% of the city’s Asian residents lived in the northeast census areas. The 2010 Census, however, showed more dispersal of Evanston's Asian population (6,416). Approximately 38% continue to live in the northeast census tracts, but the downtown tract accounted for almost 20%.

Age

The number of elderly Evanston residents, age 65 and over, began a rebound from the decline experienced during the past few decades. This number totaled 10,396 in 1980, 9,057 in 1990, 8,014 in 2000 and 9,085 in 2010. As a percentage of the total population, this age group, totaled 14.1% in 1980, 12.4% in 1990, 10.75% in 2000 and 12.2% in 2010.  The median age of Evanstonians, 34.3 in 2010, continues to increase, up from 32.5 in 2000 and 32.0 in 1990.  The number of Evanstonians in the 75-84 age category numbered 2,809 in the 2010 Census showing little change from the 2,801 total in the 2000 Census. This compares with the 15% decline between 1990 (3,304) and 2000 (2,801). The number of middle aged Evanstonians, (between 45-54 years of age) showed a slight increase in the 2010 Census, reaching 9,506 an increase from 9,481 in 2000. This age group had surged 34% from 7,058 persons in 1990 to 9,481 in 2000. Meanwhile, although the number of 25-34 year-olds continued to decline in the 2010 Census to 9,506, down from 12,831 in 2000 and 14,289 in 1990 (a 10% decade decline), this group continued to represent the largest age cohort.

Housing
Median home values, 2007-2011 American Community Survey, climbed to $383,100 from $290,800 in 2000. The median monthly mortgage payment is $2,410 up from $1,721 in 2000.

The 2010 Census data shows the number of occupied housing units continued increasing to 30,047 in 2010 from 29,651 in 2000 and 27,954 in 1990. The percentage of rental units continued to decline from 49% in 1990, 47% in 2000 to 44.7% in 2010, while the percentage of owner-occupied units edged up from 51% (1990), 53% (2000) to 55.3% (2010).

The average size of Evanston households remained relatively constant, at 2.31 persons per household.

The number of women heading households with children declined to 1,504 (5% of households). This number had grown 28%, from 1,447 (1990) to 1,851 (2000).

Education
The number of Evanston adults, age 25 and older, holding graduate or professional degrees, climbed to 37%, up from 33% in 2000 and 28% in 1990. However, the percentage of residents with only a high school diploma or equivalency increased  from 10% to 11.6%, but the number is still less than the 13% count in 1990. The percentage of residents with less than a ninth-grade education which shrank from 5% in 1990 to 3% in 2000, remained steady at 3%..

Wealth
During the decade, Evanston median household income declined to $68,051.

While the percentage of households with incomes topping $150,000 rose to 20.3% from 13% in 2000 and 5% in 1990, the percentage of residents living in poverty also increased to 11.8%, from 11% in 2000 and 10% in 1990.

The percentage of families headed by a female with no husband present and living below the poverty level is 17.2%, a slight increase from the 2000 figure of 17%.

The proportion of households with incomes of less than $25,000 continued to drop to 19.7% from 22 % in 2000 and 29% in 1990. The percentage of households with incomes of less than $10,000 fell to 8.3%, from 9% in 2000 and 11% in 1990. 

At the other extreme, 13.2% of Evanston households fell into the highest Census category — meaning household income totaled $200,000 or more, up from &% in 2000. This category did not exist 20 years ago.

While median family income was $105,264,  the mean family income was $143, 264.

 

Sources:
United States Census, 1990 and 2000
Evanston Review


Total Population
1970      80,113
1980 73,706
1990 73,233
2000 74,239


Total Population by Race

                            American    Asian and
White Black Indian Pac Islander Hispanic
* Other
1970 65,486 12,861 1,407 359 -
1980 55,161 15,791 129 2,130 1,450 495 -
1990 51,752 16,604 219 3,540 2,379 1,088 -
2000 48,429 16,704 140 4,588 4,539 2,116 2,262



* The Hispanic category in 1970 was called Spanish origin and was a distinct category. Due to a change in the Census definition, in 1980 and 1990 the Hispanic category could be any race and therefore overlaps the four other categories. In 2000 the figures for all categories above are for one race only, except Hispanic and Two or more races.


Total Population by Race, Percent change

                          American    Asian and
White Black Indian Pac Islander Hispanic
* Other Two Races

1970
1980 -15.77% 22.78% 3.06% 37.88%
1990 -6.18% 5.15% 69.77% 66.20% 64.07% 119.80%
2000 -6.42% 0.60% -36.07% 29.60% 90.79% 94.49%
* See note above


Total Population by Race,
Percentage of Total population

                            American    Asian and
White Black Indian Pac Islander Hispanic
* Other Two Races
1970 81.74% 16.05% 1.76% 0.45% -
1980 74.84% 21.42% 0.18% 2.89% 1.97% 0.67% -
1990 70.67% 22.67% 0.30% 4.83% 3.25% 1.49% -

2000 65.23% 22.50% 0.18% 6.18% 6.11% 2.85% 3.05%
* See note above


Population by Age

       Under 5    5-19       20-64      65+
1970 5,548 18,648 44,387 11,225

1980 3,505 15,260 44,533 10,410
1990 4,136 13,313 46,747 9,037
2000 4,315 14,991 46,919 8,014


Median Household Income
1970  
3,932
1980
1,7151990 $41,1152000 $56,335








































N.B. The 1970 figure is for families, not households.


Median Family Income

      Median Family    Female-headed, with children
1970
3,932                   Not Available

1980 28,264
2,841
1990 $53,625
6,1492000 $78,886
8,694



























Per Capita Income

1970   $6,771

1980
1,028
1990
2,3462000 $33,645



























Persons with Income Below the Poverty Line

              Percent % of Population


1970 5,123 6.39%
1980 4,667 6.33%
1990 6,409 8.75%
2000 7,518 11.10%


Educational Status (Persons 25 and Over)

          High School   4 or More Years
Grad.(only) College


1970 11,358 16,031
1980 8,566 21,053
1990 6,094 27,196
2000 4,932 29,511

Labor Statistics

        Persons in Labor Force      Unemployment Rate

1970 37,794 ----
1980 39,010 5.4%

1990 42,222 4.3%
2000 41,086 4.7%


Foreign Born

        Percent of
Population Number


1970 9.1% 7,247

1980 11.4% 8,384
1990 11.5% 8,389
2000 15.4% 11,448


Residence 5 years Prior to Census

       Different House           Different State
Same Same Same North North
House Country State East Central West South Abroad
1970 36,474 21,549 8,518 2,021 1,976
1980 31,532 22,112 2,544 2,919 4,867 2,500 1,651 1,911
1990 31,050 20,215 2,682 2,622 5,195 2,472 2,330 2,531
2000 30,777 21,155 2,629 2,692 4,203 2,148 2,705 3,732

* 1970 only had 2 categories: North and West, and South



Ancestry/Country of Origin

        First       Second       Third

1970 Germany U.S.S.R. United Kingdom

1980 German Irish Russian
1990 Hispanic German Irish
2000 Hispanic German Irish
2000 Other* German Irish

*Other includes Hispanic.



Mother Tongue/Language Spoken at Home

1970    English     German       Yiddish
1980 English Spanish French
1990 English Spanish or French or
Spanish French
Creole Creole
2000 English Other Indo- Spanish
European
languages

*Numbers: English only, 7,304; Other, 4,983; Spanish, 4,292


Source: U.S. Census, 2000.
Compiled by: City of Evanston Planning Department.

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